Ohio Supreme Court Ruling Clouds Future of Toledo Abortion Clinic

BY Tami Kamin Meyer

Interior of a modern waiting room. Clinical with empty chairs


The future of the last abortion clinic in Ohio’s fourth largest city has been up in the air since February 6, when the Ohio Supreme Court ruled it violated state laws.

In 1986, Ohio enacted legislation requiring certain medical facilities to have an emergency transfer agreement with a local hospital without defining the word “local.” In 2013, the Ohio General Assembly codified that distance to be 30 miles.

In 2014, the Ohio Department of Health revoked Capital Care Network's license for their Toledo location because its transfer agreement was with the hospital at the University of Michigan, some 52 miles away. The clinic sued the state, arguing the law created an undue burden on women seeking abortions. Two lower courts agreed, while also ruling the restriction violated Ohio’s constitutional requirement of single-subject laws. In addition to the Toledo location, Capital Care Network operates three other clinics throughout Ohio.

In ruling 5-2 that the clinic violated Ohio’s transfer agreement law, the Ohio Supreme Court did not address the constitutionality of the legislation.

In her dissent, Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor wrote Ohio’s highest court should have addressed the constitutionality of the state’s 2013 legislation.

The Supreme Court’s ruling effectively shuttered Capital Care Clinic’s Toledo clinic immediately. When Bigger Law Firm initially attempted to contact the facility, an employee said calls seeking abortion advice were being forwarded to staffers and volunteers. However, other calls were referred to the agency’s Cincinnati lawyer, Jennifer L. Branch.

Kellie Copeland, the Executive Director of NARAL Pro-Choice Ohio, was quoted in a press release as saying, “To be clear, transfer agreements are medically-unnecessary. However, Governor [John] Kasich has leveraged them to close abortion clinics across Ohio.”

However, according to a press release posted on NARAL’s web site on February 13, the facility’s future changed once again. Capital Care Network had successfully entered into a transfer agreement with ProMedica Hospital, less than three miles away.

Branch responded to the news of the new transfer agreement in an email to Bigger Law Firm. She wrote, “At this point, my plan is to file [a] motion for reconsideration in the Supreme Court” on Friday, February 16.

Calls seeking a response were not returned by Ohio Right to Life, an organization that had lavishly praised the Ohio Supreme Court’s February 6 ruling.

Furthermore, calls made on February 15 to Toledo’s Capital Care Clinic to determine the status of the facility were greeted by a recorded message requesting callers to provide a PIN.

Tami Kamin Meyer

Attorney Tami Kamin Meyer is a contributor to Bigger Law Firm.


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